Soft Surroundings
Glossary Of Terms
S

Sandwashed: Fabrics that have been brushed with sand for a very soft, fuzzy surface.

Sateen: The same weave as satin, but using thicker spun yarns such as cotton.

Satin: A monofilament weave in which some surface threads are not attached tightly to give the fabric a very smooth feel and shiny surface.

Scalloped: A series of repeating curves used in a hem or a print or embroidery design.

Seersucker: Lightweight cotton fabric crinkled into lengthwise stripes.

Sequin : An ornamental disk with a hole in the center, sewn to fabric to sparkle.

Seychelles: A series of tropical paradises in the Indian Ocean.

Sham: A decorative cover used for pillows, encasing completely.

Shantung: See dupioni.

Shirred: Fabric gathered and held in place at a center point, creating creases in a vee shape.

Silk: The natural fiber of the silk worm cocoon, silk fiber is very long and fine. It is a very strong fiber that can be woven in any number of ways for different finishes (organza, chiffon, taffeta, satin, etc.). The major varieties of silk are based on fiber length, so the silk used in most weaves from bridal satin to light weight habotai comes from a cocoon that has been unwound as a single fiber and spun in to yarn. Dupioni or Shantung silk, uses shorter fibers to produce slubs (the striations and nubs in the fabric that give it a more three dimensional effect). Raw or Tussah silk is produced by harvesting the silk cocoons after the moth has emerged, producing very short fibers and a heavily textured, less soft fabric. Silk is known for it's extreme softness, beauty, drapability, versatility in weaving and its wicking properties (pulling moisture away from the body) and adaptation to body temperature. Unwoven silk fibers can be used as fill in pillows and comforters.

Slipcover: A fitted cloth cover for a piece of furniture.

Soie: French word for silk.

Soleil: Soleil mirror. French for "sun".

Spandex: A manufactured elastomeric fiber that can be repeatedly stretched over 500% without breaking, and will still recover to its original length.

Split Corners: Open bottom corners on bedskirts to allow them to be used with a footboard.

Spun Yarn: Any yarn made of thicker, twisted lengths of short fibers such as cotton, linen or wool.

Staple: Refers to the length of cotton fibers.

Suede: Leather finished with a napped, soft surface.

Sueded: Monofilament weaves in which the surface is heavily brushed for a softer feeling. See peached.

Surplice: A garment cut to cross at the bodice for a wrap effect.

Sutash: Applied ribbon, center stitched in decorative patterns.

Swiss Dot: A traditional jacquard pattern consisting of small, evenly spaced dots. May also be printed.

Synthetic: Completely man made.